Casino-Gaming :: Gaming Law In Cyprus: Online Betting Regulations

? recent Online Betting Regulations will design important prospects for the economy.?

Harris Georgiades, Minister of Finance

Online betting regulations, together with other measures concerning the betting industry, will produce distinguished prospects for the Cyprus economy, according to the speech of the Cyprus Minister of Finance, Harris Georgiades at the National Betting Authority. Specifically, Mr Georgiades stated that? By opening and regulating online betting and the rest steps undertaken [by the government] in the betting industry we produce fresh indispensable prospect for the economy? . That is to say, the betting activity will generate modern job positions. Furthermore, online betting could be an additional source of public revenue.

Mr Georgiades outlined that the government has developed a five pillar strategy concerning:

1.The operation of an integrated casino resort;

2.The licensing of Video Lottery Terminals (VLT) gaming machines in the context of the casino license;

3.The concession of the operation of the location lottery to a private investor;

4.The regulation of betting games offered by the Greek Organisation of Football Prognostics S.A (OPAP) via legislation rather than through a bilateral agreement with Greece;

5.The licensing of online betting firms;

The? Betting Law of 2012? (106(I) /2012) place the regulatory framework for online betting via Class B license.

According to the existing legislation, the regulatory body for online betting activities is the National Betting Authority (NBA) .

The main duties of the NBA include:

? The licensing and the supervision of authorised betting services providers;

? The monitoring of illegal gambling;

? The protection of minors and addicted gamblers;

The President of Cyprus National Betting Authority (CNBA), Ioanna Fiakkou, clarified that the CNBA will grasp applications for the licensing of online betting firms on the 3rd of October for a month. According to Ms Fiakkou, in November of 2016, the CNBA will publish a list of companies to be blacklisted given that they have not applied for a license. Among others, Ms Fiakkou stated that the CNBA will undergo a restructuring based on a see that will be carried out by a private consulting firm.

The short deadline site for the application process endorses the need for the operators to fulfil timely the indispensable procedures so that to be able to provide online betting services lawfully avoiding the risk to be blacklisted and blocked.

factual Support:

Applying for online gambling license requires an adequate moral relieve as a professional lawyer will provide you with the notable suitable succor so that to carry out all the principal bureaucratic method effectively and efficiently.

What is Gay-Lussac’s Law: Thermodynamics Laws

Why may your soda can burst initiate if you leave it in your car too long on very hot days?

Why do closed jars or aerosol cans or beer kegs explode when they are tossed

into a fire? These unruly behaviors are manifestations of Gay-Lussac’s Law at work.

When you have a can of soda or beer, and you heat it too powerful by leaving it in your car or out in the sunlight for too long a period of time, you may procure an poor surprise when you return to collect it, as people have found out here and here

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. The amount of liquid in the can hasn’t grown. Instead, the carbon dioxide inside has been agitated thermally, thus increasing the pressure, and you then have to deal with the messy results of container bursting due to this increase in kinetic energy. Inconvenient incidences of pressurized containers exploding when they are heated may be explained by the Law of Gay-Lussac.

Gay-Lussac’s Law is the third and final of the laws leading up to the ideal gas law. The first is Boyle’s Law, which gives the relationship between volume and pressure, and the second is Charles’ Law, which gives the relationship between volume and temperature. Gay-Lussac’s Law has also been referred to as Charles’ Law, but they are not the same.

The founder of this particular thermodynamic relation is Joseph Gay-Lussac (1785-1850) . He not only rescued Charles’ Law from oblivion by duplicating the experiments and publishing the results, but re-created similar conditions to catch the connection between pressure and temperature. Gay-Lussac found that for a gas, if the pressure increases, the temperature increases, and if the temperature increases, so does the pressure.

According to Gay-Lussac’s Law, at constant volume V, the pressure P is directly proportional to the temperature T:

1) P?? T


2) P = kT where k = constant

Rewriting equation 2, we have:

3) P/T = constant

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Gay-Lussac’s Law is also commonly written as:

4) P1/T1 = P2/T2

where P1 and T1 are the unique values of the gas, while P2 and T2 picture its final values. In addition to the pressure being constant, the same caveats passe in any ideal gas law apply here. These results apply for systems where an equilibrium position has been reached, the gas is not too dense, and P is around atmospheric pressure. dependable gases approximate these conditions enough such that the law is applicable in every day life.

So what is the physics late containers that explode when they are sufficiently heated? When you increase the temperature for a gas where the volume is constant, you also force an increase in its pressure. Heat a container of soda enough, and it will explode as shown here. For this reason, it is unwise to leave a beer keg too long out in the sun or to deliberately heat it. It is an miserable fact that exploding beer kegs have actually killed people in mishaps such as this and

this. There is also an incident of kegs exploding in the benefit of a truck. I strongly suspect that thermal agitation was keen there as well, albeit inadvertently.

Image Credits

PT Graph From

Gay-Lussac label From Physics Related Stamps

Physics for Scientists and Engineers by Douglas Giancoli

Criminal Law – Road Traffic Injury In The United Arab Emirates

Being alive to in a road traffic accident can leave you with anything from whiplash and bruising to serious head and spinal injuries. If you are wretched enough to be enthusiastic in a horrific road accident, which was not your fault, then you may be entitled for a personal injury compensation claim. If you were a party travelling in a taxi, or a bus, then you may be entitled for a claim from an insurance company. These kinds of claims are commonly known as a personal injury claim. The crux of the thunder lies in claiming the compensation amount. One cannot overlook the emotional hurt, or psychological injure Victim has gone through; however, it does boil down to the damages claimed and the gravity of damage by victim.

Action against the Perpetrator

According to UAE laws, road accidents causing personal injury will topple under tortuous liability. The damages are calculated based solely on the stammer or indirect connection between the doers act and injury inflicted. The victim becomes entitled to damages/losses borne as a result of the accident; which may include any damages to clothing, property, loss of earnings, apt and psychological hurt.

The hurt caused by the perpetrator or doer may topple under Tort law by reason of collision of vehicles and court may rule compensation. It is indeed sufficient if the Claimant establishes that tortfeasor violated just obligation to remove reasonable care, whether intentionally or not. The UAE laws are fairly straightforward when it comes to establishing wound and a link that caused damages to the victim.

In general, particularly with compensation cases. The Claimant can ask for damages in relation to:

1. The expenses which he paid for the medical recovery.

2. The Maturity losses.

3. honest damages subject to the Federal Civil Law No.5/1985 Article No.293.

The amount of compensation or damages varies from case by case basis and it depends on factors such as:

1. Income of the victim and the amount he/she spent on supporting his family;

2. How conventional was he/she at the time of accident;

3. The limit of distress inflicted to the aggrieved person;

4. The good sufferings he/she faced;

5. The amount he/she spent on the medical reports and treatment.

Tortuous liability consists of three elements: fault, afflict and link between the pain and fault. Link between the fault and injure by itself is not sufficient to get lawful liability. There should be a correlation between the fault and pain. The link may be broken by an intervention of a foreign element such as a third party’s act, or victim’s contribution. Alternatively, a defendant will not be liable if the distress would, or could on the balance of probabilities, have occurred anyway, regardless of his/her act.


In general, particularly with compensation cases, the laws of UAE do not restrict Claimant to recover losses for injuries in a defined order. The court has discretionary power to award damages to claimant for all/or every kind of injury sustained by the Claimant.

Author: Mr. Hassan Elhais is a professional Lawyer who specialized in Litigation in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Scams :: Laws for Non Profit Organizations and Donors

Laws in the United States conceal both charities and donors. These laws are in area to protect the integrity of the system. They try and weed out the non-legitimate charity and protect the donors.

Charities and Organizations Have to be Registered

Many states have adopted a charitable solicitation law. This law is designed to protect donors and charities from fraud. The law states that the charity needs to utter their intentions, financial activities, and pay a fee that covers the administration for monitoring charities.

The only tiny print comes in regard to the Internet. The law says that active solicitation like door-to-door fundraising or telephone campaigns are different from passively collecting funds through the Internet. Non-profit groups should check with their fair advisors to gape what their states dictate regarding Internet fundraising.

Basic Rules for the Exchange

The underlying rule of fundraising is the donors actually have to give away their money. They actually cannot receive goods and services in return for their gifts. They cannot invest in something or explain a profit. I know what you are thinking. If that is the case why are volunteers always selling chocolate bars in exchange for your contribution to the cause? Well Donors actually receive gifts for their appreciation. It is a graceful line but sidesteps the law and continues to motivate donors to give.

Solicitation Has to be Legal

Even if a charitable organization is registered it is very difficult for donors to obtain definite their gifts and actually reaching those intended and being mature for the cause. In some cases the cost of the fundraising campaign is as high, or even greater than the money level-headed. The location cannot dictate what percentage of aloof monies goes to the cause.

The only time that solicitation is deemed illegal is when the donor is told that the money calm will attend a distinct organization and then the money is given to another group or pocketed. Donors can and should ask careful questions or a charity quick-witted the organization has an ethical duty to acknowledge those questions honestly.

Government Organizations Watching Charities

There are several ways you can follow up and behold for fraud. The Federal Trade Commission has a law enforcement group and public education campaign called Operation Phoney Philanthropy. The FTC is working with set government to sustain track of charitable organizations. The Better Business Bureau has the Wise Giving Alliance, which helps track the legitimacy of charities.